The theme of "orality" in this book is regarded by various parties. The basis taken a multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary approach that combines linguistic and literary aspects of the cultural-historical and social. The first part discusses the continuity of "auditory philology" in Russia, particularly in the pioneering work of SI Bernstein. The relationship of theory to the theory of poetic art of declamation. Particular attention is paid to reading Pushkin, Gogol, Dostoevsky and the Bloc. The "Applications" are questions in the light of the recitation of sociolinguistics: studied art reading the introduction in the school system through the efforts of Russia Boborykin, Ostrogorsky, Korovyakova, Chernyshev and others, and also points to the importance of international relations in the process. A description of the culture of public and family reading, shows the role reciter, traces the history of the concepts of "rant", "art" and "expressive" reading "alive" and "sounding" word. A separate chapter is devoted to the fate of choral reading in Russian - "a collective recitation." The last chapter in a comparative perspective, the Polish tradition of "orality".